- Municipalities such as Acambay and Toluca stand out in the production of lapidary handicrafts.
Toluca, State of Mexico. – The elaboration of molcajetes and metates is part of the artisanal branch of lapidary and quarrying, which is the ability to carve stones using basalts of volcanic origin.
A sub-branch is integrated into this artisanal branch that includes carved, chiseled and polished pieces, of which the technique applied to obtain a traditional molcajete and metate is part.
San Andrés Cuexcontitlán, in Toluca, and San Pedro de los Metates, in Acambay, are examples of communities where there are artisans who carve molcajete and metate, a tradition and trade that has persisted in some families over the years.
It is in the same communities where the Mexiquense identity is preserved from the traditional techniques that have been preserved for generations, and from a fragment of volcanic stone, a chisel, mallet and other tools that the masters of popular art manufacture.
Likewise, its use in Mexican cuisine represents a significant contribution in the recognition of national gastronomy as an intangible cultural heritage of humanity, seen in the traditional use of the molcajete and metate and the unique flavor that is obtained when preparing food with these cooking instruments. kitchen room.
The molcajete is a piece that, due to its concave container shape and stone material, is used to crush spices, seeds, fruits, vegetables and foods that are intended to be crushed, disintegrated or pulverized with the help of a piece known as tejolote.
The metate implies a larger piece, oval or rectangular in shape, its function is to grind food and its name originates from the Nahuatl, metlatl.
It is accompanied by a second piece called metlapil, which varies according to its form and function: short, where a grinder’s hand intervenes; medium, which is used with both hands and adjusts to the width of the metate; and a long metlapil that exceeds the width of the metate and is used by the hands of the person who grinds.
The origin of the elaboration and use of these utensils dates back to pre-Hispanic times, and the interpretation of their use agrees that they were used to crush, grind or crush mineral substances to obtain paint and to grind or crush grains, plants, herbs, species and condiments for preparing medicinal foods and beverages.
The conservation of its existence and use resides in the hands of teachers of popular art who continue and transmit the production of these utensils based on ancestral techniques.
Also of those who preserve knowledge in the flavors of Mexican dishes, which are unique because of the tools used for their preparation, in this case, the molcajete and the metate, which represent a legacy.
The Institute for Research and Promotion of Crafts of the State of Mexico (IIFAEM), invites you to consume these products through its Casart Craft Stores, another option to purchase crafts is on digital platforms such as Amazon, Mercado Libre or WhatsApp at 722 -148-6220.