Nurses from Córdoba advise on the benefits of mental health

Cordoban nurses recommend a correct diet, physical exercise, social relationships and a good pattern of rest and sleep to maintain emotional well-being and mental health; four fundamental pillars with which cope with pathologies such as depression and anxietythe main health problems that concern and suffer the citizens of Córdoba. Not in vain, the people of Cordoba are very or quite concerned about mental health problems by 68.8%, according to the survey data The health of the people of Cordoba: concern and degree of incidence of mental health problems carried out by the Official College of Nursing of Córdoba.

Precisely mental health has focused the first of the new Informative breakfasts Córdoba Nurse held today at the headquarters of the College of Cordoba, with whom this College Organization wants to transfer advice and recommendations of Education for Health to the public, as explained by the president of the Nursing College of Córdoba, Florentino Pérez Raya; and the vice president, Enrique Castillo. Both have been accompanied by the Cordovan nurses specialized in Mental Health María Luisa Rivera, Francisco González and Martín Toledano; as well as by the technician and health psychologist of the Association of Relatives and People with Mental Illness of Córdoba (Asaenec), Alejandra Muñoz.

Florentino Pérez Raya, in the presentation of this first Breakfasthas recalled the increase that is currently being registered in the concern and the very incidence of disorders related to mental health among societynot only at the Cordovan level or as a result of the situation derived from the COVID-19 pandemic, since, as he recalled “mental problems are one of the great threats to health in the 21st centuryaccording to multiple experts and the World Health Organization itself, and the health and social crisis of the coronavirus has only increased them and made them even more evident.

For his part, Enrique Castillo explained that with the initiative of the Informative breakfasts Córdoba Nurse “The College and the nursing profession want to respond to the main health concerns currently shown by citizens, while continuing with their commitment and concern for everyone’s health; and with its work not only to provide the best possible attention and care, but also to be the main protagonist in terms of prevention and health education”.

Prevention and care

In this context, the three expert nurses from Cordoba have offered the main keys to prevent and deal with different mental health problems. Some problems are faced by the III Comprehensive Mental Health Plan of Andalusia (PISMA III), as explained by Francisco González, a nurse in the Mental Health Hospitalization Unit of the Reina Sofía University Hospital in Córdoba.

Among other areas and main lines, PISMA III seeks the promotion of emotional well-being of the population (universal prevention) and early detection of health problems mentalamong which is anxiety, depression and somatization.

This specialist nurse has pointed out that to work on the health and emotional well-being of people there are four basic pillars: diet, physical exercise, social skills and proper rest-sleep.

Health Education is an intentional process to form, modify and/or reinforce behaviors related to individual or collective health. Specialist nurse María Luisa Rivera, who also works in the Reina Sofía Mental Health Hospitalization Unit, has presented a series of recommendations to be able to enjoy positive mental health and achieve emotional well-being.

María Luisa Rivera has highlighted that “if we refer to these recommendations to achieve emotional well-being, the last point gives us a very clarifying message. If the situation overwhelms you and you find yourself overwhelmed, ask for help! For which there are two ways: the non-professional help of family, friends, teachers and other close people; and the professional help that we also provide from Nursing and other health professionals; requesting an appointment either on a scheduled basis or through the Emergency services only if the emergency situation requires it”.

Depression and anxiety

For these specific pathologies, the nurse specialist Martín Toledano, currently a nurse at the Community Mental Health Unit of Córdoba in the South Sector, has outlined a series of tips. A) Yes, in the face of anxiety, it is important to carry out a anxiety logto be aware of situations that cause anxiety or to avoid them; as well as getting enough sleep, maintaining a balanced diet and exercising regularly. It is also recommended learn relaxation and breathing techniquesschedule times for leisure activities and enjoyment, face fears gradually, setting small goals; and avoid exciting drinks that contain caffeine, and toxic and alcohol.

“Yes in cases of depression -Francisco González explained- is It is important to accept help from other people.expressing what is felt, emotions; as well as practicing both physical and cognitive activities, improving nutrition and maintaining or strengthening relationships with other people, such as family, friends, colleagues, neighbors, etc.”

In addition to seeking professional help, people with or showing early signs of depression can also help themselves by expressing their suffering and accepting helpstaying active, facing the causes of their problem, always maintaining a positive attitude, avoiding unnecessary stress and valuing and fighting to maintain the affections of family and friends.

Lastly, and in the case of sleep disorders, it is important, first of all, to find out“because if I understand the sleep cycle and the existence of normal periods of wakefulness, I will be able to stop worrying”, indicated María Luisa Rivera, who has pointed out, among other recommendations, do something relaxing before going to bed, such as reading, listening to music, or watching TV; exercise regularly but not in the hours before sleep; and avoid copious and heavy dinners and stimulating substances.

The voice of patients and the role of nurses

For her part, the technician and health psychologist of the Association of Relatives and People with Mental Illness of Córdoba (Asaenec), Alejandra Muñoz, recalled that the mental sphere is essential for addressing healthand that “the frenetic pace of our society leads us to disconnect from ourselves and this fact has consequences at a cognitive, emotional and physical level.”

From the experience of Asaenec, an association that has been offering care to people with mental illness and their families for more than 30 years, “the real challenge that lies ahead lies in spend time in our company. Observing each other, getting to know each other, connecting with our emotions and expressing them”, Alejandra Muñoz pointed out.

Enrique Castillo has appealed to the people of Cordoba so that, in the presence of any symptom related to mental health, “do not hesitate to go to your nurse, to tell her what is happening to yousince, as with any other physical ailment, the maintenance of mental health also requires adequate health care, and due to their proximity and knowledge, their nurse is an important link in the chain of help they may need”.

Women, youth and impact on emergency services

The concern for mental health problems is more present in women from Cordobain 75.2%, than in Cordoba, with 62.1%; as well as the incidence of these problems, which reaches 67.7% of women, compared to 53.4% ​​of men, according to the results of this survey.

These data also reflect that concern and incidence is much higher among young people and it decreases with age, producing a significant percentage drop in concern for these issues after 65 years of age. SpecificUp to 79.5% of Cordovans between the ages of 18 and 34 state that they are worried about some mental health problem; while 66.7% of Cordovans between the ages of 35 and 49 state that they or some member of their household have suffered from some mental health problem in the last year.

Similarly, The economic situation of the household also influences this the extent that the more difficulties to make ends meet, the more mental health problems. And with regard to the use of the Emergency services -another of the parameters taken into account- this survey shows that mental health problems have a significant impact on the ERincreasing the use of this service, since up to 53.2% of households that have had a mental health problem have visited the Emergency Room in the last 12 months, with an average of 4.3 visits.

This survey was carried out at the end of January of Cordovan residents throughout the province over 18 years of age, distributed by sex and age according to the weight of the population itself, with a sampling error of +/- 3.6% and a confidence level of 95.5%.

About the ‘Córdoba Nurse informative breakfasts’

After the first Informative breakfast Córdoba Nurse of today, and to respond to the main concerns of the people of Cordoba about their health, the College of Nursing of Cordoba will offer monthly advice and recommendations on different pathologies and diseases. To do this, it will have the qualified voice of Nursing experts registered in the province, from both the public and private sectors; with the collaboration and express support of the Hospitals Reina Sofía, San Juan de Dios and the Red Cross of Córdoba, and various patient associations