Today the wine tradition extends throughout the Mexican territory in vineyards, restaurants, even in that glass of wine from time to time that baptizes any warm meeting in the form of clericot, red summer or alone; however, its flavor touched port in these lands until the 16th century, when Spanish sailors brought the grape and began to produce wine, especially consecrate.
According to him Encyclopedic Dictionary of Mexican Gastronomythe production of this alcoholic beverage that arises from the fermentation of grape must was prohibited for a time by economic interests of the Crown.
“It is noteworthy to mention that in the country there is oldest wine house in the Americasestablished in 1597, in Parras, Coahuila”, details said specialized source.
What’s more, Larousse Kitchen states that in the 19th century in Guanajuato the first hacienda authorized to produce wine to consecrate: Hacienda Gamba, which at the beginning of the 20th century became the only wine factory in the state.
The wines not only vary by kind of grape, Mexico produces Cabernet Sauvignon, Cariñena, Chenin Blanc, Fehrzago, Colombard, Garnacha, Malaga, Malbec, Merlot, Mission, Moscatel, Nebbiolo, Palomino, Petit Syrah, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Riesling, Salvador, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Ugni Blanc and zinfandel; but the wine to consecrate requires special conditions.
How is the wine to consecrate?
Wine is a food of great importance in the Jewish tradition and also in the Catholic one, not only because of the stories about how Jesus turned water into wine, it also symbolizes his blood during the Eucharist.
The wine to consecrate is also known as of mass or communionIt is used in Christian liturgies and there are regulations that detail its elaboration.
In a document of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments of the Holy See, the bread and wine quality conditions intended for the Eucharist, which were previously made in the same religious communities, but later began to be offered in supermarkets and other businesses.
- Natural and pure: As stated, “The wine that is used in the celebration of the holy Eucharistic Sacrifice must be natural, from the fruit of the vine, pure and uncorruptedno mixture of foreign substances.
- In perfect condition and without vinegar.
- Know exactly the origin and genuine character: “the Church demands certainty about the necessary conditions for the validity of the sacraments. Other drinks of any kind, which do not constitute a valid subject, should not be admitted under any pretext.
- Type of grape: It can be of any variety of grape and sweets are preferred, in an article, José Antonio Goñi Beásoain states that although there are no regulations in this regard, red was preferred because its color evokes bloodalthough later white was chosen to avoid stains.
Why do you drink wine to consecrate?
In the text Bread and Wine for the celebration of the EucharistGoñi Beásoain adds that, in the past, in the year 172, there was a group that celebrated mass with water instead of winewho are known as Aquarians, an act that was later rejected because the drink that Jesus used for the Last Supper was wine.
There are exceptions, permission to drink must (grape juice) can be requested for priests living with alcoholism or another illness.
Likewise, the researcher states that currently only priests usually drink winewhile those attending receive only the consecrated bread, but this has not always been the case: “During the first centuries of the history of the Church everyone ate the bread and everyone drank the wine since Christ himself wanted it that way: ‘take and eat… take and drink’”.